Have you ever wondered if boats can go in reverse?
We’ve researched this topic and written a detailed post to explain this question and other related inquiries.
So can some boats go in reverse?
Boats can go in reverse but not the way a car does. Driving a boat in reverse is called moving astern and require practice. The ease of moving a boat astern depends on the propulsion system.
This article shows you everything you need to know about reversing boats and more.
Boats with an outboard engine are easier to move astern while inboards require a lot of detail and boating skills.
Many new boaters usually discover that their car maneuvering skills don’t apply on the boat. This has led to people bashing their prized boats into the dock, leading them to ask if boats can move in reverse.
To become adept at going in reverse, do a lot of practice in deserted piers to reduce the chances of banging into something or someone.
With time, moving in reverse will become second nature.
Do you know that large oceangoing ships can also move in reverse? Moving astern is vital for large vessels as it helps to slow the ship down during emergencies and when it’s close to the harbor.
How to Reverse a Boat
Reversing a boat differs from what happens when driving a car. Many novice boaters often find that their boat turns in a different direction they intend to go in reverse.
This can lead to minor and sometimes serious damages to your boats and others. So it helps to know the proper way to reverse your boat to protect your asset and that of others.
Important Note (Before We Start)
Before trying to reverse your boat into the dock or slip, do a lot of practice.
Choose a deserted pier or a place where the risk of hitting something is zero or minimal.
This will help you master your boat’s reaction and perfect the maneuver for seamless execution when the time comes.
Reversing a Boat with a Single Outboard
Reversing a boat with a single outboard is simple and straightforward. You can reverse with the steering, tiller or the outboard motor.
Reversing a Boat with a Steering Wheel
One of the best ways to control a boat in reverse is with the steering wheel. Use these tips to practice your astern movements.
And remember to use low power just enough to push the boat through the water while reversing.
Keep your eyes at the stern. If you control the steering wheel the right way, the bow will follow the stern’s direction.
- While holding the steering wheel straight, set the boat to low power. This will allow you to maintain straight-line reverses.
- To reverse the stern of the boat to the right, turn the wheel to the right.
- To make a reverse to the left, nudge the wheel to the left.
When reversing with the steering, it’s important to have a good hold on the wheel.
Because boats pivot, you want plenty of space to maneuver as the rudder and outboard kick the stern in the opposite direction.
Also, remember to always turn the steering wheel before applying power. This will help negate the stern’s opposite kick.
The tiller is also an excellent part of the boat for steering astern. Here are tips to help you steer with the tiller in reverse.
Remember that the boat moves in the opposite direction you turn the tiller.
- To reverse in a straight line, set the tiller so that its handle points directly to the bow. Keep the power low and the tiller in a straight line.
- To reverse to the left, reverse the boat to the right. Be sure to face the stern during this maneuver and keep the power low.
- To reverse to the right, push the tiller to the left. This will reverse the stern of the boat to the right.
In all these cases, always remember to move at low speed.
While your boat’s speed is measured in miles per hour, use feet per second to calculate how fast you are moving in reverse.
Outboard Motor Steering
You can also use the sterndrive or outboard to steer your boat in reverse.
- To reverse in a straight line, set the power to low and move the gear selector to reverse. Then steady the outboard motor handle so it doesn’t swivel to the right or left.
- To reverse the stern of the boat to the left (i.e. port), push the outboard handle to the right.
- If you want to reverse the boat’s back to the right (starboard), push the outboard hand grip to the left.
While executing these maneuvers, you need to be aware of your surroundings.
Remember that outboards have lower transoms, so be careful not to flood your boat as you move in reverse.
Reversing an I/O is similar to the procedures of an outboard.
However, it requires a higher level of precise maneuvering because you can’t see the outboard.
It is vital to be sensitive to the boat’s reaction. Here, you can also reverse with the steering wheel, tiller and outboard but be vigilant.
Reversing a Single Engine Inboard Boat
Reversing a single-engine inboard boat is the most difficult.
This is because the boat’s single propeller forces the stern to follow its direction.
Unlike an outboard engine that is maneuverable, an inboard’s prop is fixed and you can only maneuver it with a rudder. The prop throws water at the rudder in forwarding motion before drawing it back, reducing the efficiency of the latter.
To steer a single-engine inboard successfully, it’s vital to spend a lot of time practicing your turns.
Practice in open spaces and plan your maneuvers before shifting the gear to reverse.
Reversing a Twin-Engine Inboard Boat
It is easy to reverse a twin-engine onboard boat thanks to the two propellers.
But first, lock both rudders in a straight line.
- Put both engines in reverse with the same amount of throttle to reverse in a straight line.
- If you want to reverse to the left, decrease throttle on the port side engine and increase the throttle on the starboard side.
- Do the opposite to reverse to the right.
Before executing these maneuvers, give yourself plenty of space.
Tips for Successfully Moving a Boat in Reverse
Reversing a boat is difficult because steering a vessel moving astern requires more control and situational awareness.
But some occasions demand that you drive your boat astern.
So it’s important to perfect your maneuvers for seamless execution. Use these tips to get better at backing your boat.
Give Yourself A Lot of Space
Whether you are a pro or novice, it’s important to have plenty of room to maneuver your boat when moving astern.
During practice, go to a deserted pier with little to no human and boat traffic.
When you become proficient, leave ample space between your boat, the dock, and other people’s boats. During reverse, make sure your bow doesn’t swing into other boats or people.
Slow Is Better
When approaching the dock or another boat, it’s best to use the least power that will keep your vessel moving.
Going too fast makes it difficult to steer the vessel and increases the risk of slamming into other objects.
However, you may need to apply more power to counter the effects of wind and currents.
Don’t Back into Shallow Water
Never reverse your boat into shallow water. Even if you can see what’s in the water, there is a high risk of hitting bottom or rocks, wreaking costly damage on your hull.
Also, people often swim and play in shallow waters.
If you suspect there is someone in the area you want to reverse into, stop the boat immediately to be sure.
Consider the Wind and Current
These two factors can make steering a boat in reverse more difficult than necessary. Before you back the vessel, try to gauge the direction and strength of the wind and current.
You can use flapping flags to adjust for the wind.
Lines in the water and flotsam can give you an idea of the current’s direction and speed.
To reduce the effect of the wind, try to decrease your sail area, i.e. any surface that can catch the wind.
Open the windows and remove Bimini tops to reduce the push of the wind. You may also use a bow thruster in very windy conditions.
As for the current, put your boat in the ideal position and apply some power to prevent the current from drifting you off.
Identify Your Boat’s Pivot
It’s crucial to know your boat’s pivot point while reversing. If you use an outboard or stern drive, it will steer from the stern. However, inboards usually pivot farther away from the transom.
Driving a boat in reverse is a vital skill for boaters. It shows you have a deep understanding of your vessel’s controls and makes docking easier.
As you improve your boating skills, we hope this article will help fine-tune moving your boat astern.
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Morten is the founder of GoDownsize. He has filmed and interviewed people living in tiny houses and RVs since 2011. He grew up on the coast where his dad took him boating from a young age. He has completely rebuilt two RVs in which he travels with his family for months at the time. Read more about Morten here.