The average boat is replaced every ten to twenty years. However, some boats will last much longer than that, but this will be determined by how the boat is used and how well it is maintained.
The three main types of boats are made from:
Let’s dive into each type of material and what you should expect when it comes to durability issues.
Aluminum Boats And Durability
Aluminum boats are trendy for a lot of reasons. For starters, they do not cost as much as fiberglass boats. Also, these boats do not weigh nearly as much as fiberglass either.
The lower weight means people can tow larger boats with smaller vehicles and power larger boats with smaller motors.
On the flip side, these boats’ lighter weight means they won’t sit as deep in the water and can be pushed around in rougher waters compared to other types of boats. For this reason, aluminum boats are trendy on smaller boats but less popular on larger boats.
Since aluminum boats are usually of the smaller variety, they aren’t always exposed to saltwater or too rough sea conditions that larger boats might be exposed to.
As a result, some aluminum boats might have the advantage of lasting longer simply because they aren’t exposed to as many harsh conditions.
How Are Aluminum Boats Built?
Aluminum boats are made from corrosion-resistant high-grade aluminum sheets.
The sheets of aluminum are cut into parts and are put together through the use of rivets. Foam is then sprayed inside of it in enough areas to stay afloat even if the boat is punctured.
After this is done, the rest of the components are placed into the boat. Depending on the boat, this could consist of a control panel, aluminum benches, wooden decking, aluminum decking, or any combination.
Careful consideration needs to be taken as to the other metals that might be placed into the boat as some can conflict with the aluminum.
How Do Aluminum Boats Become Damaged?
An aluminum boat can become dented and scratched. However, you usually don’t see aluminum boats with large holes in the hull.
This makes fixing an aluminum boat easy as you need to pull the dent out.
Another issue with aluminum boats could be the rivets. Over time, the rivets can be damaged, and the area around them can begin to leak. Fixing this is often just a matter of drilling the rivet out and putting a new one in.
It can be more difficult if there is also a dent at the rivet leak site as that might need to be fixed as well.
How Long Do Aluminum Boats Really Last?
An aluminum boat can and often does last a lifetime. I personally own a small aluminum boat that I bought over 25 years ago, and I haven’t had to do anything to keep it afloat.
The key to this boat’s longevity is that it is a small boat that consists purely of aluminum.
Even the benches are aluminum, so they’ll never have to be replaced like they might have to on an aluminum boat with wooden benches.
People with larger aluminum boats generally won’t keep their aluminum boats this long. For this reason, an aluminum boat will often change hands after about ten to fifteen years.
In fact, many people move every 8 years, and they end up selling their boats between their moves.
If you search used aluminum boats, you’ll find plenty of them and that their value is usually based more on the motor and the trailer than on the actual boat.
Fiberglass Boats And Durability
Fiberglass boats can be found in smaller boat models and larger boat models. These boats cost more to build and to buy than aluminum boats. They also weigh more than aluminum boats.
A fiberglass boat often looks better than an aluminum boat when it is new as it has a more finished look to it. It can also take paint better than an aluminum can, and a fiberglass boat with a nice gel coat is easy to spot.
Fiberglass boats are often used in salt water, and they can be built to withstand ocean voyages and rough seas.
Because of this, fiberglass boats can often be exposed to elements that might reduce their lifespan.
How Are Fiberglass Boats Made?
A fiberglass boat can be made from a fiberglass mold or a frame with fiberglass laid on top. Smaller boats might be built at a factory with mold, while custom boats and many larger boats are built by hand.
The material used underneath the fiberglass is often balsa wood, but it can also be a foam core. Fiberglass with underlying core materials is more common in decks for stiffness, while hulls are usually built-up thick fiberglass construction, but there are many variations. Foam core is quite expensive, as is the fiberglass cloth that is used over the foam. This is all bonded together with a resin that increases the strength of the boat.
Polyester resin is the cheapest resin that can be used, and usually, epoxy resin is the most expensive that can be used.
Whether built-in a mold or a form, the outside layer of fiberglass is called the gel coat, the inside of the boat might have a fiberglass deck, but it can also have a wooden deck. Fiberglass decks are more expensive, but they work much better than wood as they are waterproof.
How Do Fiberglass Boats Become Damaged?
A fiberglass boat can have its gel coat scraped, and the fiberglass itself can eventually delaminate. However, the biggest threat with a fiberglass boat is that it can take damage that could result in a hole or a crack.
Once this happens, the fiberglass boat will need to be patched.
Unfortunately, a crack could lead to water infiltration of the inner core material. This material can then delaminate and/or rot out, and the core material will then need to be replaced as well.
How Long Do Fiberglass Boats Really Last?
This is a tough question to answer, as it really does depend on how well the owner takes care of it.
While an aluminum boat will still be serviceable with some dents and scrapes in it, a fiberglass boat with a hole in it will not be.
I’ve seen many fiberglass boats being given away for free on Craigslist because the owner didn’t want to have to repair the boat. Fixing a fiberglass boat takes skill and money as the resin and fiberglass used to make repairs is expensive, and it takes some knowledge of fiberglass to do so.
Also, the person will need a respirator when working with some resins, and if mismeasured, the resin will not work.
For this reason, fiberglass boats that are used often and not taken care of might last less than 10 years. However, a fiberglass boat that is well-taken care of will last just as long as an aluminum boat.
Wooden Boats And Durability
You won’t find any huge boats or mass-produced boats being built out of wood these days.
However, many DIYers still like to make their boats out of wood.
This is because wood is easy to work with, and some don’t cost that much to buy.
A wooden boat will need frequent paint and repair jobs, and the boards might need to be replaced over time. Wood is prone to rot, and the hardware that is placed on the wooden boat can accelerate any rot damage that does occur.
How Are Wooden Boats Built?
Wooden boats are built slightly differently based on the type of wooden boat being built. However, the basic premise is that the frame is built first. Once the boat’s frame is built, sheets of wood or wooden planks are installed d on the exterior.
A wood boat can be built from different wood types to help keep the boat light or make the boat stronger and more impact resistant. Wooden boats are also typically made from wood that will resist rotting.
The construction of wooden boats has changed over time, and so has the way lumber is created.
In fact, there have been so many changes that people look to maritime archeologists to study the way boats have been built over time.
How Do Wooden Boats Become Damaged?
A wooden boat can crack, and this leads to leaks. It can also rot on the inside and the outside.
People who own wooden boats need to constantly be on the lookout for places where the wood may be starting to rot. If a wooden boat has water penetrating its boards, it can quickly lose its durability.
How Long Do Wooden Boats Last?
Whenever I hear anyone mention a wooden boat, I can’t help but think of the old boats’ stories that had several boards replaced every year. After about twenty years of doing this, every single board on the boat was replaced.
In this case, was it still the same boat?
There are still large wooden boats for sale on the used market that are well over 30 years old. Just keep in mind that this isn’t typical, and you shouldn’t expect to get more than a few years out of a wooden boat without doing a lot of upkeep.
How Long Do Boat Motors Last?
Often-times a boat’s motor will determine how long a boat lives. This is because some people will not want to spend the time or the money fixing a boat that does not have a functional motor.
A gasoline-powered motor might last around 1,200-1,800 hours before needing a lot of work, and a diesel engine might last 5,000 hours before needing a lot of work.
This might not seem like many hours, but many boat owners might only run their boats for 50 hours a year.
This being said, when an engine runs or doesn’t run, it isn’t the only factor that might reduce the lifespan of a motor. Boat motors need regular maintenance. This is especially true after they are run and before they are put into storage.
After a boat motor is run, it should thoroughly be cleaned.
The motor should also be checked for any leaks, electrical issues, or damaged hoses.
Before the boat is put away in storage, the saltwater should be washed off it, and it should be winterized. A failure to winterize a boat’s motor can lead to it dying an early death.
Regular Maintenance To Consider
In addition to the major repairs that are sometimes needed, there are some other steps a person should take to make their boat’s motor last longer. A boat owner should make sure that the fuel lines are in good order and the battery.
They should also check the motor and the clamps holding the motor for any signs of corrosion.
To make sure the boat’s motor is safe and secure, the boat owner may want to check the transom as well. If the transom is in bad shape, the motor could literally fall into the water.
Once the motor falls to the bottom of the sea, it will need major maintenance if you can retrieve it.
How Long Do The Sails Last?
Sails will wear down with every use, and just like boat motors, they live and die by their use.
QuantumSails.com believes a well-treated and maintained woven polyester sail would last about 3,500 to 4,000 hours. This means that people who sail often will need to replace their sails more often.
New sails can be extremely expensive.
This is especially true on large sailing yachts or racing sailboats. Unfortunately, a lot can go wrong with a sail.
Sails are constantly being assaulted by the wind, the sea, and the sun. As a result, they will often need to be washed, inspected, and repaired– recommended at least annually.
Inspections To Expect
Before each use, a sail should be inspected for any rips, tears, or holes in the sail.
The rigging and the hardware will also need to be inspected for damage.
Even the decking around the chainplates should be inspected as a soft deck around this area could end with the chainplates coming off and the sails becoming damaged.
During and After Use:
While the boat is being used with a motor, it’s a good idea to take the sails down. This will reduce wear and tear on the sail. Also, when the sails aren’t being used, it’s a good idea to take them down or cover them. This will reduce the amount of time the sails are left out in the sun.
UV damage can really harm a boat’s sails, so keeping it out of the sun will help to increase the sail’s lifespan.
Once you’re done boating for the day, it’s a good idea to wash the sails off with fresh water.
Saltwater can become corrosive to the sails and will eventually wear them down. Rinsing them with fresh water will help you to avoid this.
The sails must be stored properly as well.
Store the sails out of the heat and out of direct sunlight, and they’ll last much longer.
How Long Do Boat Trailers Last?
This is a callous question to answer as all boat trailers are not made equal.
Galvanized trailers usually last longer than other types as they resist corrosion better. Also, trailers that are subject to saltwater won’t last nearly as long as they are only used in freshwater.
The trailer’s maintenance will also play a big role in how long the trailer will last as well.
For example, simply rinsing the saltwater off the boat’s trailer after each use can go a long way towards prolonging the trailer’s life.
Trailers will also need their consumables replaced from time-to-time to well. Items like brake pads and tires will need to be replaced as they wear out. In fact, tires may need to be replaced before they wear out. This is because tires dry out over time, and once dry-rot sets in, they should be replaced.
Luckily, most items on a boat trailer can be replaced or repaired.
If you’re willing to replace items and do some welding in rare cases, you can make a trailer last forever. Again though, is it still the same trailer if you’ve had to replace every single part on the trailer?
The average boat will last much longer than the average person will keep a boat.
If you’re wondering how long a boat will last because you’re looking at buying a used one, you’ll want to consider everything.
Check the boat for damage, check the number of miles on the motor and the sails and check to see how everything was maintained.
A well-maintained boat will last much longer than one that was not well-maintained.
In fact, if you maintain a boat properly, it could easily last a lifetime.