Yachts are any water vessel that is used for either pleasure or sport. Some yachts are equipped with autopilot devices and others are not.
Autopilot (or autohelm) is a self-steering device that is used on ships or boats to maintain a specific course without constant action from a human.
Do All Yachts Have Autopilot?
Not every yacht has autopilot. Bigger yacht types are more likely to have autopilot and there are different levels of automation. Some autopilot systems will only keep the course while others will control the speed of a motor as well.
Here’s everything you need to know about yachts and the autopilot mode.
What is Autopilot Mode On A Yacht?
Autopilot can be either electronic or mechanical devices that allow a ship to maintain course on its own.
An electronic autopilot uses things such as magnetic compasses, wind directions, or GPS systems to determine where to go.
A mechanical autopilot device is often used to keep a sailboat on a given course towards the wind that frees the helmsman from constantly steering.
What Types Yachts Are Equipped With Autopilot?
Typically, “day-boats” or yachts that are meant for daily use, will not have autopilot. These vessels are generally used in the short term and the autopilot equipment is unnecessary.
However, autopilot is becoming more and more common on boats that are 20 feet or more.
If your boat is not equipped with autopilot, you are able to install this feature after the fact.
Installing an autopilot system will allow you to more properly enjoy your time out on the water without being constantly consumed with the logistics of the actual steering.
Why Should I Use Autopilot?
When sailing, the autopilot can save you from having to constantly monitor the vessel but you can also save time and fuel while on your voyage.
Most autopilot systems can hold a straighter course than a man could, allowing you to stay on course easier.
So there are aspects related to fuel efficiency and aspects related to convenience. When you are traveling over long distances you might eventually need to take your hands off the wheel. For a big rig, it’s very convenient to have some type of autopilot to help you stay the course.
How To Sail A Yacht:
If you have decided to take up sailing there are some things that you will need to know. We have compiled everything that you need to know to begin your sailing journey.
1. Know the Terms
Any sailor on a boat will need to know the terms that are used while sailing. This will help to communicate with other sailors and will help you when it comes time to sail.
One of the most important sets of terms to know are the parts of a boat:
- Starboard: the right side of the boat while you are looking towards it’s front.
- Port: the left side of the boat while you are looking towards it’s front.
- Bow: the front of the boat.
- Stern: the back of the boat.
- Hull: the body of the boat.
- Mast: the vertical pole that supports the sails.
- Boom: the shorter horizontal pole that is attached to the sail.
- Lines: the ropes that control the sails.
If you choose to learn more about the terminology, the sails and their parts are broken down into even more specific terms.
2. Find The Wind Before Turning On The Autopilot
When operating a yacht with sails you will be dependent on the wind. You need to learn to “find the wind”.
One of the most major thing that sailors need to know, is how to find the wind. The wind determines what type of sailing day you are likely to have and can make a big difference.
Most basic sailing classes will go over the basics of reading the wind and working with the wind.
When referencing the wind, sailors look at it in two different ways, what direction the wind is actually going and how this direction pertains to them. Both of these distinctions are important.
Oftentimes, we use clues to indicate wind direction. These clues can include flags or tails tied to their rigging.
When you have decided from what direction the wind is coming from, you can then decide the “windward side of the boat. This is the side that is closest to the wind. The other side is known as the “leeward” side.
3. Learn to Hoist Your Sails
Practicing hoisting your sail is important and should be attempted for the first time while moored or if there is a light wind.
One of the most important things when it comes to hoisting your sails is to make sure that your sail and it’s lines are all the way to the top with no twists, turns, or wraps.
If the sail is not properly straight it can cause expensive damage. Make sure everything is set up the right way before turning on the autopilot system.
4. Learn Your Points of Sail
Every time you change course, your point of sail changes. A point of sail is an all-encompassing term for the direction your boat faces in relation to the wind.
Knowing your points of sail can help you be successful in steering your vessel and knowing how the wind will affect your vessel in different wind conditions.
5. Learn to Control Your Speed
When sailing, you will need to know how to control your speed. Without a traditional motor, your speed will rely on how you handle your sails in relation to the wind.
With a motor installed on the yacht, it’s much easier to control this. Especially with the help of an autopilot system.
To slow your speed, you will want to ease the sheets out and let the sails luff. Keep in mind while you are slowing down that a heavier boat will take longer to stop due to the momentum they gain from their weight.
The quickest way to lose speed is to turn to direct into the wind.
6. Learn the Navigation Rules
Like any water vessel, you will need to learn the navigation rules before you set sail. These rules can differ for sailboats than for power vessels.
Usually, sailboats are given right of way when faced with powerboats or other vessels, but you will still want to ensure you make the safest decision for each encounter you come across while dealing with any other type of vessel.
7. Learn to Use Your Autopilot Device
Whether you are using a mechanical or electronic autopilot system, the process should be pretty easy.
Electronic autopilot systems detect the current heading of the boat and compare it with the heading that has been sent by the operator of the vessel. If the device finds that the boat has strayed off course, it will instruct the mechanical system to correct the course.
Electronic autopilot systems can range in sophistication. Some are simply a device that simply attaches to and operates a tiller or some can be hydraulic pumps that operate rams that control the rudder.
For the operator, these devices are easy to use and you often put the boat on the heading you want and hit a button. This will keep the boat on that particular heading.
Some are more complicated and can be set to steer to the wind or even have the option to connect to chart plotters to make the boat steer a certain course.
You can also have a mechanical autopilot system. These are on the stern of the boat that attaches to a wind operated vane that works with the rudder and informs it when to turn.
A mechanical autopilot system is ideal for long passages that don’t have a lot of wind change.
8. Make Sure to Always Keep An Eye Out
While sailing, even with an autopilot system, you should always keep an eye out.
Autopilot systems are not able to anticipate other vessels and properly avoid them or give them the proper space they need.
Sailing, or boating in general, requires supervision and attention. You need to make sure that you give other vessels the proper space and make sure you are able to sail safely.
9. Ensure Your Boat Is In Proper Working Order
One good rule that should be followed by all boat owners is to make sure your boat is in proper working order. If you do not properly take care of, or manage your equipment you can be caught in a compromising position.
Make sure you check your lines, mast, sails, hull, backup engine, or any other necessary sailing equipment.
Even the smallest issue can get worse with time and use, and you will want to make sure you do not allow that to happen.
If everything is working, there is less of a chance that you will be stuck out on the open water.
10. Take a Class
One of the best things that you can do to become an efficient and confident sailor is to take a sailing class.
A basic sailing class will teach you the proper terms, the theory and practice behind sailing, the navigation rules, the necessary safety equipment and procedures, overboard drills, the necessary knots, and will allow you to practice sailing.
Other advanced classes are also offered if you want to learn even more about the hobby.
Most sailors will find that only a few classes for a couple of hours will leave them ready to set out on their own.
You do not need intensive training to pick up this hobby and you can sail with just the basics, but the more you learn, the more you will want to learn.
Sailing can be an addictive hobby that will leave you wanting to know as much as you can. Just make sure that before you set out on the open water, you have the knowledge necessary and the confidence to handle sailing.
Shelby Sullivan is our specialist when it comes to pontoon boats and recreational watercraft. She is often found sailing the freshwater lakes of Michigan. She is also a light-traveler who enjoys camping and traveling the world. Read more about Shelby here.